Sirius Building, The Rocks, Sydney.
SOS Save our Sirius is a campaign to save Sirius, the flats built for the community that saved The Rocks from demolition in the 1970s. Launched in August 2016 is a dedicated SAVE OUR SIRIUS website. Keep in touch with the Save Our Sirius Campaign:
- website: www.saveoursirius.org
- Instagram: www.instagram.com/saveoursirius
- Twitter: www.twitter.com/saveoursirius
- Facebook: www.facebook.com/SaveOurSirius
Where has all the noney gone?
SBS The Feed - story about Myra Demetriou, an 89 year-old, legally blind public housing resident - with a multimillion dollar view of Sydney Harbour. As at August 2016, Myra and 5 friends are holding out in Sirius. At #SOSSirius campaign to let Myra age in place, keep a diversity of people in Millers Point and The Rocks and save a community. SBS journalist Laura Murphy-Oates #SaveMillersPoint #SOSBrutalism #TheFeedSBS
Where has the money from Millers Points sales and evictions gone? The Minister's media release of 14 April 2016 after the sale of 85-87 Kent Street, Millers Point says the total amount raised from Millers Point sales is now $189.95 million.
Like the media release from just two weeks ago, it states that 590 new fit-for-purpose social housing dwellings across the state now have been funded. Go to: https://www.finance.nsw.gov.au/about-us/media-releases/unique-millers-point-property-sold
This means the NSW Government will easily have sufficient funds to reach its target of 1,500 new social housing dwellings and also allow the remaining residents to age-in-place as well as retaining some of the units within the Sirius Building and workers cottages.
Action: If like me you value our social history write to the Premier saying Help Save our Sirius. Become a friend and show your support for the community of Millers Point
|Alison Alder, 'Real Estate', 2015.||Alison Alder, 'Goodbye from Sirius', 2015.|
A Forum at the NSW Parliament, mid-November 2014 highlighted the social and historical importance of the Sirius building.
“Cities should not be enclaves of the rich”
“Housing is more than real estate”
The Sirius building was purpose built by the Housing Commission for the elderly in 1979. Speakers reflected on important themes left out of the NSW Liberal Government’s analysis and policy development regarding the Millers Point sell off.
The forum Getting Serious about Sirius was held at the NSW Parliament in November 2014.
Organised by ALP shadow housing Minister Sophie Cotsis MLC and Greens housing spokesperson Jan Burnswoods MLC.
Panel members: Tao Gofers, architect of the Sirius building; Professor Peter Phibbs, the Chair of Urban Planning and Policy at University of Sydney; Professor Bill Randolph, the Director of City Futures at University of NSW; Charles Pickett, curator and architecture writer; Millers Point resident Mary Sutton. They led an insightful discussion about the importance, and the history of social and affordable housing in NSW.
Tao Gofers, the architect talked of breaking new ground with the design process, which had input from the Resident Action Group and the Government.
Charles Pickett confirmed the importance of Sirius in Australian architecture history and hailed its success as a public housing building. In the early 1900s the government built model workers public housing in the area - low rise and terraces. Charles concluded that Sirius is the last major piece of architecture built in this tradition and must be retained, "Sirius is a success story of public housing design. It’s one of many similar achievements: As well as setting higher standards for workers’ housing, public housing has frequently created new urban and architectural forms".
Some papers and comments from some speakers:
Comments on the 'Getting Serious About Sirius' Forum by Julie Foreman, Executive Officer, Tenants Union NSW
|Sirius apartments, watercolour and ink on board. Powerhouse Museum collection 2013/36/1|
The iconic Sirius was purpose built by the then Housing Commission. Tao Gofers, the architect talked with enthusiasm of breaking new ground with the design, which had input from the Resident Action Group and the Government.
Tao Gofers, the architect, revealed the fact that the compact kitchen we enjoy in apartments today was the result of the design and development of public housing in Holland in the 1920s!
The design is practical and beautiful; with murals in the entrance inspired by Spanish cave paintings, a photographic mural of the city skyline captured in 1978 hangs in the community room and pictures of the Harbour Bridge in various stages of completion adorn the walls of each of the floors. The roof visible to many via the Harbour Bridge became an important part of the design with roof top gardens.
Professor Peter Phibbs, the peer reviewer for the social impact assessment for the Millers Point sales, expressed his astonishment that the Sirius building which was not included in the social impact study was then included in the sale proposal!
No subsequent social impact of the sale of Sirius has been undertaken.
Peter Phibbs noted that Sirius did not raise the same repair and maintenance issues as other homes in Millers Point. In fact it was a shining example of a number of Government policy directions – aging in place, need for smaller social housing stock and social mix.
He described the sales as a ‘clumsy and cruel’ policy particularly because of its impact on elderly tenants and because there are other financially viable alternatives. Options such as:
· building new purpose built homes for Millers Point residents or
· relocating residents from Millers Point to Sirius to maintain their social connections or
· slowing the sale process to allow residents to age in place or conducting a partial sale and using the funds to facilitate the sustainable upkeep of the remaining dwellings. [At least two independent, expert reports have identified financial viable alternatives]
Professor Bill Randolph broadened the debate to discuss the impact of the sale on all of Sydney and put it in an international context. His research demonstrates that Sydney is polarising, both socially and economically. Moving away from the more egalitarian city that existed 30 years ago, inner Sydney is set to become an enclave for the rich. Bill acknowledged that the real estate boom has only assisted a few and that Treasury today views public housing as a financial asset to be exploited rather than a social asset. You would have to agree with him that that seeing a city as “purely as real estate shows no imagination or maturity”. Sirius is a social asset paid for by all of us and belonging to all of us.
Bill also highlighted how the Treasury approach contrasted with trends in European and American cities. New York has inclusionary zoning, for example. European countries are expanding access to affordable housing in their cities.
Bill stated that the Millers Point and Sirius policy was another brick in the wall of social divide, noting that a disparate group - President Obama, Pope Frances and the head of the IMF cautioned against such policies, that encouraged social exclusion and led to further social and economic costs.
Charles Pickett a curator and noted architecture author, confirmed the importance of Sirius in Australian architecture history and hailed its success as a public housing building. In the early 1900s the government built model workers public housing in the area - low rise and terraces. Critics at the time said it would become slums! Charles concluded that Sirius is the last major piece of architecture built in this tradition and must be retained.
Charles Pickett commented: ‘A small number of public housing towers were ground-breaking architecturally and widely influential. Some public housing complexes were so successful architecturally that they eventually became sought-after and expensive addresses. Le Corbusier’s Unite d’Habitation at Marseille, Lafayette Park, Detroit by Mies van der Rohe and London’s Barbican Estate are perhaps the best known. For much of the twentieth century the Australian housing authorities also worked at the cutting edge of housing theory and practice. Sirius is a success story of public housing design.
Mary Sutton gave a detailed history of the building. An excerpt is below. Read the Sirius history here.
|Sirius building. Photograph by Moon Cube Design 2017|
Sirius is "Sydney's Concrete Poetry" from Mary Sutton's talk, 2014
Sirius is prominently located right in the middle of The Rocks, a Sydney conservation precinct.
I'm Mary Sutton and I've always loved the Sirius building for its impressive sandstone hill site, bold architecture, innovative adaptation of art, and collaborative design
All elements that have seamlessly combined to provide treasured homes for the residents since Sirius was constructed in 1979.
Sirius was built following a lengthy period of discussions and negotiations. Sirius arose out of The Rocks 1970’s Green bans, a movement prominently associated with Jack Mundey, a later patron of the Friends of the Historic Houses Trust.
Richard Roddewig, in his book ‘Green Bans: The Birth of Australian Environmental Politics - A Study in Public Opinion and Participation’, writes: ‘In 1975, a major compromise was reached. Green Bans were lifted on three specific sites. The Sydney Cove Redevelopment Cove Authority, in conjunction with The Housing Commission of New South Wales, proposed to develop on one of the sites as eighty housing units, in a medium-rise, nine-story building, for affordable income persons’.
A welcoming brochure was produced in 1979 for the newly housed residents by The Housing Commission of New South Wales. The brochure proudly noted that: ‘The stepped roofline and face of the building were planned to blend and harmonise in good neighbourly fashion with the general roofscape of The Rocks. Shading precast concrete sills surround bronze anti-sun glass resiliently mounted to reduced noise and glare.
The new building has been named “Sirius” in honour of the First Fleet, HMS “Sirius” and her commander, Captain Arthur Phillip. Off the main entrance foyer is a large community room,the “Phillip Room” with generous outdoor plaza, tasteful furnishings, kitchen facilities & toilets.
The Housing Commission’s apartment building makes a spectacular addition to the transformation and restoration of The Rocks, Sydney’s most historic neighbourhood, near where in the early days the Tank Stream, flowing into the bay, provided drinking water for the tiny new colony. Cave shelters, humpies, stone cottages~all were stuff of the Colony’s history.’
Sirius is a special building – not generic in format like much public housing, Sirius shows the potential of architecture geared to its site and its residents. It deserves to continue to be a part of The Rocks. ’
I think of the Sirius building as ‘concrete poetry’.
This Photographs taken from the 1979 residents ‘welcoming brochure’ shows the simple, but innovative, off-form concrete walls, combined with acid-etched picture windows, to produce Sirius’ distinct stabled building block appearance, reminiscent ‘of a Native American pueblo’.
Sirius shares ‘the magnificent panorama of the harbour in all its moods, the exciting city skyline, and nestling against the Harbour Bridge approaches…..just across the water from the famed Opera House.’
After the 19 March 2014 announcement by the NSW Government, I showed Sirius to the seven members of the NSW Government's Legislative Council Housing Select Committee. Thank you to The Hon Paul Green [Chair] and the members of the Upper House Committee for taking the time to see first hand why the Sirius building is an architectural, heritage and mixed tenure, social housing success - a cost effective asset for Sydney - the best example I know of 'Concrete Poetry'.
The Sirius apartment building is named after Governor Phillip's First Fleet vessel, HMS Sirius - a vessel scarcely larger than a Manly ferry - an adventurous little vessel that traversed the world's seas with its unwilling passengers to arrive in Sydney in January 1788.
The Sirius building sits prominently on land owned by the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority (SHFA) and part of the answer to the question, I think, lies with the vision of SHFA "to make unique places in Sydney that the world talks about".
‘Does the Sirius building and its location satisfy this SHFA vision?’ you might ask. ‘Is the Sirius building and its location a ‘unique place in Sydney that the world talks about’? It seems ‘yes’.
We have heard much today of the uniqueness of the Sirius building, particularly its architecture and concrete construction and its international recognition as such.
There is also much historical evidence of the uniqueness of Sirius’ Bunkers Hill location, as depicted in the earliest colonial drawings of: John Eyre, Jacob Janssen, Thomas Watling, Richard Read, Joseph Lycett, Conrad Martens, and Frederick Garling. Noted by Governors' Phillip, Hunter and King's official Colony papers, and as you stroll along Gloucester Walk today, as many Sydney and international visitors do.
|Richard Read ‘View from Bunkers Hill Including Dawes Battery, Fort Lachlan & South Head Lighthouse’ c.1820 Mitchell Library (above)|
|Conrad Martens ‘View Sydney Cove from Bunkers Hill July 2, 1836’ Mitchell Library of NSW (above)|
Sirius and its location are unique places in Sydney that the world talks about – something that SHFA and the residents of Sydney and Australia can quite rightly be proud of.
Sirius building and its location are social, tourism, educational, cultural, commercial and conservation assets for NSW.
The HMS “Sirius” association represents a tangible link to the most significant vessel associated with early migration of European people to Australia. Some short time after his arrival in the Colony, its captain, Captain Waterhouse, was granted land on which the northern apartments of the present Sirius complex now sit. HMS “Sirius” was guardian of the first fleet during its epic voyage to Australia between 1787 and 1788, which brought the convicts, soldiers and sailors who became Australia’s first permanent European settlers.
HMS “Sirius” was also the mainstay of early colonial defence in New South Wales and the primary supply and communication link with Great Britain during the first two years of the settlement (Source: Heritage Council of Australia).
The careers of the first three governors’ of the colony of New South Wales, Arthur Phillip (1788-1792), John Hunter (1795-1800) and Philip Gidley King (1800-1806) are closely associated with the history of HMS “Sirius” as all three sailed as senior officers on board HMS Sirius during the voyage of the first fleet to New South Wales. Hunter was also Captain of HMS “Sirius” during its last ill-fated voyage in 1790, when it was totally wrecked at Norfolk Island. The loss of HMS “Sirius” at Norfolk Island on 19 March 1790 was a disaster for the fledgling colony during a period of crisis, when the settlement at Port Jackson was in danger of collapse and abandonment.
It has been argued by some that the adaptability, ingenuity and grim determination to survive, demonstrated by the colonists at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island following this disaster, became an enduring trait of the Australian people.
|F Garling’s c.1840 “Sydney Cove” a view towards Bunkers Hill (center), Lower Fort St and Dawes Battery Mitchell Library|
Captain Waterhouse left Australia permanently in 1800 and leased his grant covering part of the Sirius site to Campbell Cove's famous wharf owner Robert Campbell. In the 1830’s the town leases, grants and permissive occupancies of the past were formalized and Robert Russell produced section plans showing the owners of the land (SHFA Heritage and Conservation Register). In the 1820's Robert Campbell developed the prestigious landholding of Cumberland Place, designed by Francis Greenway, on his Bunkers Hill land, adjacent to his Waterhouse grant and nearby wealthy Dawes Point wharf and landowners. Garling captures Bunker’s Hill c.1840 above.
The Mitchell Library's benefactor, David Mitchell, was born in 1836 in Campbell’s Bunkers Hill’s elegant ‘cottage ornee’ at Cumberland Place (since demolished) and Mitchell spent his childhood there before moving with his large library to modern digs in Darlinghurst. Mitchell famously collected colonial documents associated with Bunkers Hill, (Sirius' site) and all aspects of Colonial Sydney maps, art and memorabilia to found the Mitchell Library Collection.
Australia’s first Prime Minister Edward Barton lived as a child in the 1850’s in one of the Young’s townhouses. This four storied townhouse (three stories with a basement kitchen) was one of a terrace of three houses built by Adolphus Young on land developed adjacent to Bunker's land on Gloucester Walk in the early 1840’s and may have been designed by John Verge’s protégé, John Bibb, (who also built the nearby Mariners Church). The imposing terrace of three homes survived until the early 1900's Rocks reconstruction project. This land forms part of the Sirius site today.
Innovative concrete technology and an early example of Australian public town planning can still be readily viewed as the Federal Electrical Company (Ajax Building) on the corner of Gloucester Walk and George Street – also a part of the “Sirius” Captain Waterhouse's land grant. This concrete technology and the Arts and Craft movement design of the building, was developed by the recently formed New South Wales Housing Board’s architect, William Henry Foggitt, in association with the Public Works Department, for The Rocks reconstruction works during the period 1912-15. Occupiers included Young and Stewart cordial manufacturers.
In January 1915, the Sydney Morning Herald reported this was the first building in Sydney to be constructed entirely of reinforced concrete. The building was a warehouse, with an office building on the top of the southern end of the building. Several bays of the building’s southern end and the office building were demolished when the Sirius complex was built. This inspirational concrete technology was later used on Millers Point’s High Street flats. Concrete's innovating impact was a feature of the inspirational Sirius building constructed by Anderson & Lloyd, described as a ‘bold and exceptional experiment’ in ‘Concrete’s Rearview’.
Sirius in 2014- Sydney's continuing conversation
The most recent example of the world talking of the Sirius building, and its rare and important position in Sydney, was in response to the NSW Government's 19 March 2014 announcement of the sale of the Sirius building, which was reported in local and international press.
The Select Committee's hard won recommendation, I think directed at the Sirius building, that the NSW Government, when selling multi-unit properties in the Sydney area, include in the contract for sale, a requirement that at least 10 per cent of all dwellings on that site be allocated as social, public and affordable housing.
Each unique aspect I've cited has stamped its mark on the Sirius building and its location as a rare and important place talked about in the world's press and by visitors. For me, I'm attracted to the description of the Sirius building as simply "concrete poetry".
SHFA and all of Sydney must regard the interest in the Sirius building and its site, and modern day Bunkers Hill including Gloucester Walk, as an inspired and visionary success. I invite you to walk around the Rocks and take time to ponder all that's been said. Consider the "concrete poetry" of the Sirius building, its location and its history. Its connection to Sydney's past and the value of its contribution to the present and what may be its future.
|Natalie Rosin, Sirius Ceramic, 2016. 40x16x28cm|